Superficial thrombophlebitis (SVT)

March 27, 2017

Superficial thrombophlebitis is a common inflammatory-thrombotic disorder in which a thrombus develops in a vein located near the surface of the skin. Sometimes referred to as superficial vein thrombosis. Most superficial veins that develop thrombosis also have phlebitis, which is inflammation of the vein. Superficial thrombophlebitis usually occurs in the lower legs.

Superficial thrombophlebitis can occur spontaneously, especially in the lower legs in the great saphenous vein (GSV), or as a complication from medical or surgical interventions. Superficial thrombophlebitis can also occur in the small saphenous vein (SSV), which empties into the popliteal vein.

Although the etiology is frequently unclear, superficial venous thrombosis is most often associated with one of the components of the Virchow triad; ie, intimal damage which, can result from trauma, infection, or inflammation, stasis or turbulent flow, or changes in blood components presumably causing increased coagulability.

In each type of superficial thrombophlebitis, the condition presents as redness and tenderness along the course of the vein, usually accompanied by swelling.

If you have further episodes of superficial thrombophlebitis, your vein doctor may refer you to a hematologist.

NSAID’s, ice, dermaka cream will help with the pain. See a ‘Vein Specialist’ if you have superficial thrombo-phlebitis